Set Up Security in Maven Settings

JFrog Artifactory Documentation

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Paligo

When deploying your Maven builds through Artifactory, you must ensure that any <repository> element in your distribution settings has a corresponding <server> element in the settings.xml file with a valid username and password as described in Configuring Authentication above. For the example displayed above, the Maven client expects to find a <server> element in the settings.xml with <id>artifactory</id> specified.

Anonymous access to Distribution repository

If anonymous access to your distribution repository is allowed then there is no need to configure authentication. However, while it is technically possible, this is not good practice and is therefore an unlikely scenario